The Roots of Greek Mythology ~ Chaos, Gaia, Tartarus, Eros, Erebus, Nyx,
Uranus, Cronus, Rhea, The Titans,
Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Aphrodite.
In Greek mythology, the world began with several primordial Gods. First came Chaos, and then came Gaia, Tartarus, Eros, Erebus, and finally Nyx.
Chaos – Chaos refers to the void state preceding the creation of the universe or cosmos in Greek mythology, or to the initial “gap” created by the original separation of heaven and earth.
Personified as a female, Chaos was the primal feature of the universe, a shadowy realm of mass and energy from which much of what is powerful, mostly negative and dark originated from.
From Chaos came Gaia
Gaia, also spelled Gaea ~ earth
Gaia is the personification of the Earth and one of the Greek primordial deities.
Gaia is the ancestral mother of all life: the primal Mother Earth goddess.
From Gaia came Uranus, personifying the “sky” or “heaven”) from whose sexual union she bore the Titans (themselves parents of many of the Olympian gods), the one-eyed Cyclopes Giants, and of Pontus (the sea), from whose union she bore the primordial sea gods.
The Titans include the first twelve children of Gaia (Mother Earth) and Uranus (Father Sky or heaven), who ruled during the legendary Golden Age, and also comprised the first pantheon of Greek deities.
Uranus disliked his children and locked them deep within the earth, causing Gaia great pain. So, Gaia devised a plan. Sick of having her children imprisoned, she made a great sickle that she gave to her son Cronus, the youngest and most terrible of her children.
Cronus hid until Uranus came to lie with his mother Gaia. Then Cronus leapt out and sliced off his father’s genitals, which fell into the sea, and produced the birth of Aphrodite, the Giants and others.
Cronus proceeded to release his fellow Titans from prison, and so, the age of the Titans began.
Moreover, Cronus, the Personification of time, and the king of the Titans, imprisoned the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires in Tartarus.
Because Cronus had learned from Gaia and Uranus that he was destined to be overthrown by one of his children, he swallowed each of the children born to him by his Titan sister Rhea.
But when Rhea was pregnant with her youngest child, Zeus, she asked for help from Gaia and Uranus.
When Cronus came to eat his baby son Zeus, Rhea fed him a stone wrapped in swaddling-clothes instead which Cronus swallowed, tricking the Titan, and then Gaia took the child Zeus into her care.
Gaia raised Zeus until he was strong enough to take on his father Cronus. The two fought and upon defeat Cronus was forced to release Zeus’s siblings, starting the war between the Olympus gods and the Titans.
The war lasted 12 years until Zeus freed the cyclopes and the Hecatonchires Giants whom Cronus had imprisoned in order to help him defeat the Titans.
The Cyclopes gifted Zeus his famous thunderbolt, Poseidon his trident, and Hades a Hat of Darkness, tipping the balance of battle.
The Titans, defeated, were thrown into Tartarus, a prison deep within the underworld. And so, started the reign of the gods.
Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades decided to share power, drawing lots to decide where they will rule over.
Zeus got the sky, Poseidon the seas, and Hades the dead. Zeus, king of the gods, ruled from his throne on Mount Olympus, home of the immortals, often using his symbols of the thunderbolt and eagle to warn or encourage mortals.
Another Titan, Atlas, was condemned to hold up the celestial heavens for eternity on his shoulders to prevent it from resuming its primordial embrace with the Earth, Gaia.
Other gods could be sentenced to Tartarus as well. Apollo is a prime example, although Zeus freed him.
Tartarus – God of (the abyss or the underworld)
In Greek mythology, Tartarus was both a primordial deity that existed before the Olympians, as well as a name to describe a region of the Underworld ~ (the abyss).
As a god, he was third in rank after Chaos and Gaea.
He was the father of Gaia’s child Typhon, who was considered a monster.
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